5. Modern Machining Processes. P. C. Pandey, H. S. Shan, TMH. 6. Pinch Machining. The process involves cutting with a punch and shaping the workpiece while at the same time keeping the tool in contact with. Print version · PDF version. Modern Machining Processes - by Pandey & Shan. It is a worldwide market leader in the engineering and manufacture of metalworking equipment, tools and process services for modern high-speed sheet metal processing.Rep. Duncan Hunter, R-Alpine, has filed a bill that would add more time for the Department of Agriculture to make a final determination on whether genetically engineered seed is safe for American farmers.
Hunter filed the bill Wednesday after Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said the department still had not decided whether genetically engineered seed is safe to plant.
He said the department has until the end of the year to produce a final decision. The safety decision for genetically engineered seed was previously targeted for January 2012.
So far, Vilsack has said a decision on genetically engineered seed will come through on a risk-benefit analysis. "We don’t have any final decisions yet on that," Vilsack said in October 2011.
Hunter said his bill, H.R. 1494, would give the department until Sept. 30, 2012, to make a final decision.
The bill would also require the department to perform a second risk-benefit analysis in an attempt to determine which of three methods to assess harm are most accurate. The department used three methods to assess the risks, but not the benefits, of genetically engineered seed.
"I think it’s important for congress to be informed that there is not a final decision on the labeling of GMOs," Hunter said. "This bill gives USDA an extra six months to make their final determination."
Vilsack has said labeling genetically modified food would cost millions of dollars and would not necessarily benefit consumers. The federal government has the final say on the labeling of genetically modified food, he said.
The Center for Food Safety, a non-profit advocacy organization, has suggested a labeling system that could cost less than $10 per school student and $6 per consumer of food sold in a grocery store.
Vilsack's department has said it is still gathering data from an online poll conducted by Consumer Reports magazine asking consumers how they feel about GMOs.
The department also held a listening session of consumers, 0b46394aab